We have seen that, over the course of their lives, most individuals are able to develop secure attachments; reason cognitively, socially and morally; and create families and find appropriate careers. Eventually, however, as people enter into their 60s and beyond, the aging process leads to faster changes in our physical, cognitive, and social capabilities and needs, and life begins to come to its natural conclusion, resulting in the final life stage, beginning in the 60s , known as late adulthood. The changes associated with aging do not affect everyone in the same way, and they do not necessarily interfere with a healthy life. The golfer Tom Watson almost won the British Open golf tournament at the age of 59, playing against competitors in their 20s and 30s. And people such as the financier Warren Buffet, U.
6.5 Late Adulthood: Aging, Retiring, and Bereavement
9: Late Adulthood - Social Sci LibreTexts
Theories of successful aging. Theories of successful aging include the following:. The disengagement theory states that as people age, their withdrawal from society is normal and desirable as it relieves them of responsibilities and roles that have become difficult. Proponents of this theory believe that activities of earlier years should be maintained as long as possible. Ageism may be defined as the prejudice or discrimination that occurs on the basis of age.
Lecture: Late Adulthood
The datasets generated for this study are available on request to the corresponding author. Due to increased life expectancy, the population segment of older adults has grown the fastest. The global phenomenon of population aging raises important questions regarding successful, positive, active, and meaningful aging. Thirty-one in-depth semi-structured personal interviews were conducted with adults aged 60 and above in order to explore the question: what concerns older adults in their day-to-day living, and what are their perceived resources? The findings illuminated three prominent themes: 1 central concerns described by the participants as characterizing their experience at this life stage; 2 strategies employed by the participants to cope with concerns and to live a meaningful life in old age; and 3 resources and character strengths that facilitate coping strategies and enable thriving.
Late adulthood spans the time when we reach our mid-sixties until death. This is the longest developmental stage across the lifespan. In this chapter, we will consider the growth in numbers for those in late adulthood, how that number is expected to change in the future, and the implications this will bring to both the United States and worldwide. We will also examine several theories of human aging, the physical, cognitive, and socioemotional changes that occur with this population, and the vast diversity among those in this developmental stage. Further, ageism and many of the myths associated with those in late adulthood will be explored.